You may want to keep track of STIs for which you have been tested or treated. Ask your doctor or nurse exactly which tests are being completed. It may take several years for the symptoms of some STIs to show up. Information and testing could potentially save your life. The table on the following page contain information about the most eight most common STIs. Ask your health care professional for more information.
While sexual assault survivors are at low risk for HIV infection, and HIV test may help you feel more comfortable. It is recommended that you get tested 2-6 weeks following the assault and again at 3, 6 and 12 months following the assault. University Health Service and the county health department will have information about free, anonymous HIV testing. You can ask a health care professional or sexual assault counselor for more information.
If it is determined by your doctor that you are at high-risk for HIV infection (i.e. your assailant is HIV positive or engages in high-risk behaviors such as injecting drugs) you may be a good candidate for HIV post exposure antiretroviral therapy. Your doctor will be able to discuss the risks, potential benefits and cost of this treatment with you. An assailant may be charged with a felony if he or she knows that he or she has been diagnosed with HIV, or knows he or she is HIV positive and engages in sexual penetration with another person without having first informed him or her of their own HIV/AIDS diagnosis. [MCL 333.5210 Public Health Code].
What about testing of the defendant? During the criminal proceedings, if a defendant is bound over to circuit court for a violation of a criminal sexual conduct offence and the district court determines there is a reason to believe that the violation involved sexual penetration or exposure to a bodily fluid of the defendant, the court shall order the defendant to be examined and tested for Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STIs), Hepatitis B infection, Hepatitis C infection of for the presence of HIV or for an antibody to HIV.
With the victim’s consent the court will forward the victim’s name, address and phone number to the medical facility that conducts the defendant’s testing. The medical provider will immediately notify the victim of the test results. [MCL 333.5129].